The Great Patriotic War (WWII) was one of the deadliest conflicts in Soviet history. For Russians, casualties amounted to approximately 26 million, half of which were civilians. The war was such a traumatic point in history that it still remains in the minds of the Russians today. In the West, we learn about the Second … [Read more…]
On February 28th of 2014, Russian soldiers wrested control of a number of key road junctions between Ukraine and the Crimean peninsula, as well as the airport in Sevastopol. Over the next several weeks, Russian military units gained control over the entire peninsula in a relatively bloodless seizure of Ukrainian territory. The spontaneity of the … [Read more…]
Music is an integral piece of a society, and in order to fully understand the local community as a foreigner, it’s important to look into the cultures and customs involving music. The transformation of the Middle East is best understood through the music which has accompanied change. The past hundred years have been particularly telling, … [Read more…]
In 2000, the United Nations and its 183 member states at the time committed to eight international development goals known as Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to be met within 15 years. Women empowerment has emerged as one of the major issues of development and, in an effort to meet the MDGs and reduce global poverty, … [Read more…]
After eight years of vicious warfare, the President declared that the U.S. was leaving behind a sovereign, stable, self-reliant Iraq with a representative government. This optimistic idea crumbled, however, when insurgent forces, calling themselves the Islamic State, blew through the weakened Iraqi army and seized swaths of territory throughout Iraq and Syria. Despite popular beliefs … [Read more…]
Jordan is a small developing country in the Middle East with an evolving set of national security problems. While studying in Amman for an academic year, I held an internship with the Middle East Scientific Institute for Security (MESIS). The organization connects international development agencies with local professionals and scientists in order to improve Jordan’s … [Read more…]
Nuclear-weapons-free zones (NWFZs) account for a majority of the earth’s surface and 39% of global population; they represent incredible political, cultural, and economic diversity. With tensions mounting and diplomatic solutions sought over potential nuclear programs in the Middle East, many experts have suggested the establishment of a NWFZ in the region. Existing NWFZs provide unique … [Read more…]
Slave naming provides unique insight into the competing priorities of dominant and suppressed cultures within a community. By investigating naming practices of the ancient slave societies of the classical world and the pre-modern slave societies of the Americas, this paper seeks to explore the anxieties of the dominant culture expressed in the cycle of slave … [Read more…]
While the study of the use of negative campaign tactics has been a prolific topic of scholarship, previous studies have generally been limited in their ability to test the dynamics of negativity over the course of the campaign because their analysis of content from political campaigns is either static in nature or limited in its … [Read more…]
Mussolini’s fascism, and its results, was not anticipated from his initial involvement in politics. In fact, Mussolini’s philosophy, rather than being static in the early years of the 20th century, did something of a 180 degree turn between his declared socialist intentions in the first decade of the 1900s and his 1914 nationalist cry for … [Read more…]
The Mexican-American War from 1846 to 1848 was the culmination of the spirit of Manifest Destiny in the United States. The war gave the United States around one-third of its present-day territory and led to the American Civil War. It also became one of the defining factors in the relationship between the two neighbors, even … [Read more…]
The forces of globalization have created a growing interdependence of the world’s economies. This trend is accompanied by an increase in interaction between states that are highly diverse in terms of geographic and demographic dimensions.
Although the aims of U.S. foreign policy towards North Korea have developed over time, the economic policies enacted to pursue those aims have remained stagnant since the Korean War in 1950. This project examines the elements that have contributed to the failure of economic sanctions to curb North Korea’s nuclear weapons program.
In India’s northwestern state of Rajasthan, poverty is present in 62.8% of the population according to the multidimensional poverty rate. However, the rate of poverty in India has been gradually decreasing, meaning that certain households are leaving poverty and becoming middle-class.
It is well-known that Algeria, despite its elections and constitution, is not a democratic country. The Economist Intelligence Unit has given Algeria a rank of 3.44 out of 10 in their 2011 Democracy Index. This ranking categorizes Algeria as an authoritarian country.
The Moscow show trials of 1936-38 in the Soviet Union were the culmination of failed domestic policies set in place by Stalin to force industrialization through the Five Year Plan, enacted in 1928. The largest shortcoming of the Five Year Plan was the forced collectivization of agriculture, supposedly to increase agricultural output, but which cost … [Read more…]
It is well known that during the Cold War, human rights abuses and dirty wars were very common in Latin America. During the Carter administration of the 1970s, human rights preservation became a U.S. foreign policy objective.
It is well known that during the Cold War, the U.S. was heavily involved in the internal affairs of Latin American countries. In the late 1970s, Jimmy Carter became President and attempted to reverse American foreign policy in these countries and stop supporting the dictators who were committing human rights abuses.
The purpose of this presentation will be to share our Ambassadorial experiences with the Cornell community.
Guatemala is a developing country seeking to recover from generations of civil war and instability. Only for the last ten years has it truly been possible for Guatemalans to begin to build and develop their country and move away from the destructive conflict that has plagued the region for so long. Cultural Embrace is an … [Read more…]
We live busy lives and struggle to keep up with the pace at which the world is moving. Not only do we want a job, a car, and a house, but we aim at having a well-paying job, a latest model car, and a huge house. Often, we plunge so deep into our desire to … [Read more…]
Last semester I spent five months studying Hebrew on a kibbutz in Israel. While I was there, war erupted with both Gaza and Lebanon.
For three weeks we interacted with students, faculty, and everyday people in St. Petersburg, Russia—it was a life-changing experience.
Currently, Americans depend heavily on oil from foreign countries to produce gasoline for transportation.
Before 1979, French was the only language of instruction in formal education in Mali, a country where more than fifteen languages and numerous dialects are spoken.
September 11, 2001 will forever remain in our hearts as the “day the world stopped turning.” That morning, when terrorists attacked our nation, we stopped, frozen in time, and watched.
Although everybody admits that the U.S. lost the Vietnam War, Americans are divided about the reasons for the United States’ failure. James William Gibson, who wrote The Perfect War, has provided a very compelling interpretation that does not blame the protestors for a decline of support.
Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 there was a growing war hysteria and racism against the Japanese on the West Coast.
In the summer of 2000, I spent 5 weeks in Buryatia, Russia, a republic located in south central Siberia, working as an intern with REAP (Rural Enterprise Adaptation Program) International, a not-for-profit non-governmental organization.
Any discussion of the effects of current U.S. Foreign Policy in Bolivia must start with an examination of both Bolivian history, at least as far back as the revolution of 1952, as well as of the history of Bolivian/U.S. relations since World War II.