John Adams and Thomas Jefferson are most notable for their contributions to the American revolutionary cause. Both of them worked to advance the Revolution. What is not as widely discussed is their influence in the discussion on the French Revolution in the United States of America. If the topic is discussed, it is narrowly defined … [Read more…]
Appeasement was the policy of conceding to Hitler’s aggression, giving him what he wanted in order to keep peace in Europe. After the number of casualties in World War 1, Britain was not interested in starting another war so they adopted the policy of appeasement. What were the Pros and Cons of appeasement? Why do … [Read more…]
During the Cold War, fears of a Soviet invasion prompted the United States to deploy thousands of tactical nuclear weapons throughout Western Europe. On paper, low-yield battlefield nukes appeared to be the perfect solution to the threat posed by a numerically superior Soviet force. As time went on however, the ethical and practical limitations of … [Read more…]
The colonial French empire expanded to include Algeria, a province in the Ottoman Empire, in 1830. This expansion came with many assumptions about inherent difference between the French colonizers and the native Algerians. Scholars such as Edward Said have used the term Orientalism to describe this set of ideas about differences between the people of … [Read more…]
Throughout its history, the United States has been involved in many counterinsurgencies, especially since the end of the Second World War. One such conflict was the Hukbalahap Rebellion in the Philippines from 1950 to 1954.
Corsets have been an integral part of women’s fashion for many centuries, and as the fashions have changed, the shape and construction of the corset has also changed. Aside from providing support and sometimes completely altering a woman’s body, the corset is one of the most fashionable and decorative undergarments.
The Middle Ages span from the seventh to the fifteenth century and remains infamous as one of the most exciting and bloodthirsty periods in European history. Stories of torture and executions have peppered this time and flavored it with a reputation for the barbaric.
The Moscow show trials of 1936-38 in the Soviet Union were the culmination of failed domestic policies set in place by Stalin to force industrialization through the Five Year Plan, enacted in 1928. The largest shortcoming of the Five Year Plan was the forced collectivization of agriculture, supposedly to increase agricultural output, but which cost … [Read more…]
In many cases, popular culture presents archives as secretive, restricted, dusty places in which a few documents of value are kept hidden. One glance at the Cornell College Archives proves that this is not the case.
Our experience of going to the Bahamas was a trip to the past. Reading the only surviving plantation owner’s journal from the Bahamas, kept by Charles Farquharson, the last remaining slaveholder on the island of San Salvador, was deeply enriched by the on-site learning experiences at the ruins of his plantation, Prospect Hill. The knowledge … [Read more…]
Elizabeth Stanley, Countess of Derby, was the ruler of the Isle of Man from c.1612 to 1627, a tiny island in the Irish Sea that in the Medieval period was the seat of a powerful maritime kingdom ruled by Norse kings. By the Early Modern period the island was considered part of the wider British … [Read more…]
The Bahamas and Greece are both countries with rich histories, yet they provide examples of extremely different approaches to preserving that history and making it accessible to the public. Measures have been taken at certain archaeological sites in Greece, specifically Knossos, Crete, to not only prevent further destruction, but to actually attempt to rebuild the … [Read more…]
Application for the National Historic Registry of Places follows three pieces of criteria—historic background, historic context, and historic integrity—explained through one criterion of significance that focuses on a person, an architect, construction, a date, or an event. The “Pal House,” located across from Palisades-Kepler State Park on the Cedar River
My goal with this presentation is to elaborate the growth from medieval arms and armor into the Early Modern period. This period was one of a great deal of growth and innovation, ranging from relatively normal to exceedingly bizarre.
At the core of Adolf Hitler’s devastating dictatorial regime lay a desire to unite the Volk (the German people), an end he set out to achieve through racial purification.
Although most individuals are familiar with World War II history, very few are aware of the considerable human rights violations and carnage that occurred after the war was over.
The popes of the 17th century faced one of the worst crises since the Great Schism divided the church between East and West.
Jean Domat, a French juror and legal scholar during the reign of Louis XIV, wrote a text defending Absolute Monarchy called On Social Order and Absolute Monarchy in 1697.
In the late 18th century, violent yellow fever epidemics broke out in Philadelphia.
When discussing the issues surrounding current global warming, is not uncommon to hear people bring up the so-called “Medieval Warm Period.” Such conversations are littered with debates about what the Medieval Warm Period actually was, how it impacted the world of the Middle Ages, and what an accurate comprehension of it could mean for our … [Read more…]
The American Civil Liberties Union had formed during World War I, quickly establishing itself as the premier group dedicated to protecting constitutional rights and civil liberties in this country. At this same time, with the onset of World War II and for a period of over four years, the United States put its constitution to … [Read more…]
During the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette was often portrayed as a vindictive and flirtatious harpy who was actively responsible for the fall of the French royal family.
In this presentation I will elucidate the manner in which introductions, employments, and military posts were treated as commodities in eighteenth century England.
For thousands of years humans have used symbols to describe some aspect of themselves or of their culture. One of the oldest symbols that still exists today is also one of the most misunderstood: the Swastika.
It is common knowledge in the mathematical community that Leonhard Euler discovered the Gamma Function between late 1729 and early 1730. What is unique about this result is that it is an extremely early example of what seems to be math for mathematics sake; the applications of the function were not discovered until much later.
There is certainly no shortage of information on Gianlorenzo Bernini. Rightly considered to be the most gifted sculptor of the Italian Baroque, Bernini’ s lyrical, animated style set the precedent for more than a century’ s worth of sculpture.
In the mid-1630s, Anne Hutchinson’s distinctive religious beliefs antagonized the political and religious authorities of colonial Massachusetts.
Though the new gold rush town of Virginia City, Montana, located in rich Alder Gulch, was not yet a year old, the winter of 1863-64 proved to be quite trying for its residents. The charming sheriff, it is later found, leads a double life as the leader of a murderous band of thieves.
By the 1880s, the Irish community in Chicago was no longer fresh off the boat. Many of them had been residents of America for at least twenty years, and a second-generation was coming of age.
The English East India Company was one of the first multinational corporations. The Company traded silver for Indian textiles, raw silk, and saltpeter. As a major European company trading in India from 1660-1760, it has received significant historical attention for its role in international trade and politics – especially for its role in establishing the … [Read more…]
Carl Sandburg reminisced in one of his Chicago poems about that city’ s history of enticing farm boys to the nightlife and vice. After working long hours in factories, on the rail or elsewhere, the men sought their pleasure through the wide variety of brothels, bordellos and parlor houses sprinkled citywide.
“ Public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it nothing can succeed.” –August 21, 1858, Lincoln-Douglas debate at Ottawa In 1864 the North witnessed a presidential election race that was a mixture of purpose, patriotism, weariness, and strife.
Since its initial appearance on the 1983 album War, “ Sunday Bloody Sunday” has become one of U2’s most popular singles, and a staple at live performances.
Iowa history is rarely viewed as exciting, and is often overlooked in textbooks. Moreover, relatively few Iowans are unaware of the countless abandoned towns that litter the prairie landscape.
Researched at the Newberry Library in Chicago, this presentation attempts to show that the events of Chicago’s Haymarket Affair in 1886 and it’s aftermath portray an anti-leftist, pro-capitalist bias in the mainstream newspapers and periodicals of the time as a middle-class phenomenon.
During the last century much atheistic and agnostic thought has achieved a positive “humanism” striving for equality and peace amongst individuals.
New Historicism, a relatively recent concept in literary theory, advocates the study of the historical framework in which literary texts are produced. New Historicism has been criticized for a variety of reasons, but in particular, some critics argue against this tactic as a distorted form of literary analysis.
It’s been labeled the turning point of the Civil War, Lee’s failure, and the event the Confederacy missed Jackson the most; without a doubt, one of the most famed and important events in American history was the three day battle that took place in and around the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania during the Civil … [Read more…]
Since the landmark Brown v. Board of Education cases of the mid 1950’s, judges have taken steps to increase the involvement of the judiciary in deciding exactly how to desegregate.
Dr. Philip Hubbard is a state hero and an icon for African-Americans. Dr. Hubbard was the first African-American professor at the University of Iowa, as well as the first African-American Vice President in the Big Ten.
The bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, ignited a panic across America that resulted in the forced relocation of Japanese American citizens and non-citizens from the West Coast to one of ten inland internment or prison camps.
Pfeiffer Hall, erected at Cornell in 1930, has been one of the school’s most unique buildings on campus.
The development of historical writing from the late Medieval period to the early Renaissance reveals changes in the purpose of historical memory.
This paper examines the “culture of protest,” and the resultant violence of the 1960s, as a by-product of the rise of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS).
The Kansas City, Missouri School District is one of the only school districts in the nation which has had continuing problems with desegregation since the Brown v. Board of Education ruling in 1954.
Aristotle’s Physics offers important insights into a wide range of perennial issues in the history of science. The second book of the Physics investigates the principles of nature, and it is here that Aristotle addresses the relationship between necessity and chance. What Aristotle has to say on this subject continues to be important, and my … [Read more…]
Can a war ever be just? Do traditional understandings of what makes a war just continue to have relevance?
Historians have questioned the decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan in 1945.
One of the important motivations for 17th century scientists to study the natural world was a theological one.
The revolutionary writings of Richard Wagner are placed perfectly within a turbulent 19th century Europe.