With respect to today’s memoir craze, readers seem to expect factual truth and are generally unforgiving of truthbending and artistic liberty. However, with respect to the broader genre of Creative Nonfiction, expectations have yet to be agreed upon. Specifics such as how ethical stretching the truth is, how much liberty a writer is “allowed” to … [Read more…]
Film adaptations should be judged on the basis of how well they uphold the “original” piece. Robert Altman’s film Short Cuts, an adaptation of several of Raymond Carver’s texts, is no exception. Numerous critics have debated whether the film is truly worthy of Carver’s legacy. The film’s soundscape is among the elements contested. Critics concerned … [Read more…]
I will be examining Safety Last, an American silent film by the distinguished director Harold Lloyd. Lloyd was one of the most significant filmmakers of the silent film era. He was known for creating dangerous stunts in the majority of his popular films. His cinematic choices in a few scenes exemplified larger issues about the … [Read more…]
Language plays a vital role in literature—it is essential to create the world of the story and give authenticity to both the characters and the author. The use of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) in literature allows the characters to establish an identity through a voice that resembles the African oral tradition; but a lack … [Read more…]
John Milton, best known for writing the 17th century epic poem Paradise Lost, was also a politician. Although Paradise Lost seems to present Heaven as a monarchy with God as king, at the time he wrote it, Milton was in exile for supporting execution of King Charles I. In this paper, I examine Paradise Lost … [Read more…]
This paper will examine the protagonists of two novels by J.M. Coetzee – Waiting for the Barbarians and Disgrace – and their responses when their ‘fortifications,’ both physical and mental, are breached. Waiting for the Barbarians is a fantasy written by Coetzee during apartheid-afflicted South Africa, whereas Disgrace was written in post-apartheid South Africa. Many … [Read more…]
Taking a psychoanalytic perspective on Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights, my paper explains Jacques Lacan’s psychoanalytic theory, the Mirror Stage, and applies it to two of Bronte’s characters – Catherine Earnshaw and her daughter, Cathy Linton. The Mirror Stage focuses on how the self develops through interactions with others by looking at the formation and maintenance … [Read more…]
I propose to examine the American stunt comedy films of the silent era – typified by the films of Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd – under the hypothesis that their appeal is based in a unique dialectic between illusion and reality. This dialectic is made possible by the combination of comedy and real danger to … [Read more…]
Arguably, there weren’t many ways for women to obtain power and autonomy in 19th Century England and France. The two titular characters of Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre and Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary both want to be free to live their own lives, and each makes decisions to that end. Emma relies on her sexuality to … [Read more…]
Over the last four decades a succession of advances in home theater technology – VHS, DVD, Netflix and other online streaming platforms – has drawn filmgoers from public theaters to the private small screen, dramatically affecting the way audiences consume films. Yet what is only now beginning to be explored is how this radical shift … [Read more…]
This project is a collection of research and recently uncovered archival information pertaining to the life and works of Winifred Van Etten. The project is designed to showcase the author’s time at Cornell College along with the challenges and barriers she faced and eventually overcame as a writer and early feminist. With the help of … [Read more…]
The purpose of studying English has been a topic widely explored and debated among literary scholars. Some scholars, such as Martha Nussbaum, believe that there is a public purpose in studying literature to bring about positive social change. They believe this change is achieved when a reader empathizes with the characters in a text and … [Read more…]
Written at opposite ends of the Mediterranean, the works writers Nossis of Locri and Chariton of Aphrodisias represent two very different views of women in the Hellenistic world. Chariton’s novel Callirhoe details the trials and the relationships of the character of the same name. Callirhoe, a woman of extraordinary beauty and fidelity represents Chairiton’s ideal … [Read more…]
Film narratives are notoriously homogenous. Antagonists are good guys, protagonists are bad guys. However, sometimes these roles are challenged. The film Ran (1985) by legendary Japanese director Akira Kurosawa is a film that challenges these roles.
This essay focuses on the film Ran and its connections with the Jidaigeki genre of Japanese film. Ran is most commonly known in the West as an adaptation of Shakespeare’s King Lear, but this does not do the highly noteworthy film justice. In addition to its Shakespearean influences, Ran also possesses a unique connection to … [Read more…]
Earlier this year I had the opportunity to intern with World Trade Press in Petaluma, California. World Trade Press is a web- and print-based publishing company that specializes in international trade materials designed for a wide audience, including schools, libraries, internationally focused businesses, and independent travelers. The company’s philosophy is to bolster international trade communications … [Read more…]
This essay focuses on the theme of authority in François Truffaut’s 1959 film The 400 Blows (1959), and how it negatively affects the lead protagonist Antoine Doinel as he strives for intellectual freedom.
This presentation considers the various ways Alfred Hitchcock portrays women in his film Rear Window. As director, Hitchcock applies an assortment of film techniques to manipulate how the viewer sees the female characters. These techniques affect how women are viewed by both the main character, L. D. Jeffries, and the cinematic audience.
Alfred Hitchcock’s classic film Rear Window (1954), shot almost entirely from one room, focuses largely on what it means to observe and what it means to participate. As observers, we are watching, and as participants, we are engaging. But what happens when watching becomes participation?
Though it is now quite unknown, Cornell College owned a printing press in the past that operated out of South Hall. The Cornell College Press, run by the English Club at Cornell, ran from 1935-1967. In this time, yearly chapbooks and other texts were produced and printed by the college, including The Husk, Cornell’s literary … [Read more…]
This presentation will analyze the film techniques used by French director Jean Luc Godard in his 1965 film Alphaville. Using film clips, the presentation will showcase in particular Godard’s use of diegetic and non-diegetic sound, lighting techniques, and editing, which helped make the film a cinematic novelty for the time. Alphaville presented Godard’s vision as … [Read more…]
The artists’ books in this interactive exhibition were created to engage with sonnets from the English Renaissance on a new level. Through the creative process of making these books the artists, members of Prof. Stavreva’s course Renaissance Non-Dramatic Literature: The Sonnet, sought to connect to their chosen themes in deep and personally meaningful ways.
Despite not regarding herself as a “poet,” much of Virginia Woolf’s literary prowess came from the extremely poetic nature of her prose. For Woolf, it was necessary for her work to be all-encompassing, weaving together both the mundane and beautiful aspects of life, a feat which she found both prose and poetry to fall short … [Read more…]
“I’ll tell you one thing, friend. If you want me to learn your language, you’d better have a gun” (117 Walcott). With this statement, white hotel owner and former English song-and-dance man, Harry Guild, of Derek Walcott’s Pantomime, highlights the critical role that guns have had in colonization, while demonstrating the lack of power the … [Read more…]
In Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway, the character of Sally Seton is often over looked and over shadowed by attention to the character of Peter Walsh who is portrayed somewhat misleadingly as Clarissa’s first love. Censorship in early 20th century Great Britain prevented literary representation of overt lesbian romance.
J. M. Coetzee’s retelling of Robinson Crusoe, Foe, makes no effort to help the reader understand the novel. As a result critics have interpreted the novel in a variety of different ways. For example, the last section of the book, which is arguably the most ambiguous part, has been interpreted as anything from a baptismal … [Read more…]
Chris Abani’s Becoming Abigail was published in 2006 and there is very little written about it in academia. I approached this book with the question of “how do/should you read it?” The book is about a young girl who goes through a series of traumatic events and ends up in England, on a bridge over … [Read more…]
In Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway, there is a suggested correlation between ideology and social structure. Running parallel is a connection made between Mrs. Dalloway and the historical study of the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley.
Parsifal, Richard Wagner’s last opera, is considered by many to be Wagner’s greatest work. The complexity of Wagner’s characters has posed difficulty for scholars. My research led to a new sense of the meaning of Parsifal, specifically focusing on the character of Kundry who is, in my opinion, continuously misinterpreted.
Soon after its initial publication, Robinson Crusoe inspired many adaptations, in literature, film, and even on television. Two modern adaptations, also known as Robinsonades, include the 2008 NBC television series, Crusoe, and the 2000 film, Castaway.
Tony Kushner’s play Angels In America argues that love is, often times, incompatible and convoluted because love involves expectation and responsibility, from both oneself and one’s partner.
“I warned you, Louis. Names are important. Call an animal ‘Little Sheba’ and you can’t expect it to stick around.” (Kushner 20). As researchers raced to isolate the AIDS virus in the 1980s, the media’s portrayal of the issue helped integrate a new collection of keywords into common speech.
In Heaven’s Coast, a literary AIDS memoir by Mark Doty, many things help him deal with his grief over the loss of his partner to AIDS, however it is the presence of flora that helps Doty move through his grief, providing beauty and structure in his life.
J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series changed the children’s publishing industry forever and captured the hearts of readers worldwide. In an attempt to explain the success of the Harry Potter series, this paper borrows from literary theorist Nancy Armstrong’s How Novels Think, which explores the logic of the novel across the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Edward Said’s Orientalism is considered by many to be a landmark cultural text that provided much of the basis for what came to be known as post-colonial theory.
Derek Walcott’s play Pantomime is a demonstration of how Caribbean culture has evolved since colonial times, and acts as a post-colonial response to Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe.
It has been suggested by feminist critics that “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” would be better titled “Snow White and Her Wicked Stepmother.”
Any discussion of literary appropriation should not neglect contributions from comic books.
Depictions of the banjo in the visual arts and literature of the Harlem Renaissance are reflective of both the banjo’s painful associations with black-face minstrelsy and its importance as a source of reclaimed heritage for Afro-Americans of the time.
Throughout her prodigious oeuvre, Virginia Woolf pioneered experimental literary techniques as a method of capturing a reality that she felt was growing increasingly complex and kinetic.
In this defense of the 17th century play, The Country Wife by William Wycherley, an in-depth exploration of the concept of wit is used to contest the opinion of many critics that the play holds no value.
When analyzing Oroonoko by Aphra Behn, many theorists focus on the ideology of the ‘other’ portrayed through the characters, Oroonko and Imoinda.
In the face of injustice, it is often more comfortable to become a bystander than to become an activist.
Despite being considered one of the preeminent Jewish-American novelists of the last 100 years, Philip Roth has always managed to make enemies with major Jewish-American advocates.
“These struggles with the natural character, the strong native bent of the heart, may seem futile and fruitless, but in the end they do good…they enable [life] to be better regulated, more equable, quieter on the surface; and it is on the surface only the common gaze will fall. As to what lies below, leave … [Read more…]
When reading the timeless verse of John Milton’s Paradise Lost, perhaps the most illustrious poem in the English language, questions arise as to whether it is truly an epic poem.
Angels in America is a political play cycle set in 1980s Reaganite America. The political and social background of the plays contribute to Tony Kushner’ s message that conservative America is not how society should be: liberal unity and collectivity is the better path to follow.
In Tudor-Stuart England, women were becoming more and more unruly, beginning to take their behavior and sexuality into their own hands. This created an obsessive desire to control women evident in the increase in witchcraft trials and the invention of punishments specifically for women.
In The Evolution of Free Will in the Context of the Renaissance Man, I explore the movement of the debate on freedom of the will, which is clearly charted in the art and literature of the Renaissance.
This presentation examines correlations between historical representations of Catherine de Medici, Queen of France, dating back to the Renaissance and Romantic eras, with villainous female stereotypes, familiar from European fairy tales and folklore.