Our ability to understand multi-decadal to centennial-scale trends in tropical cyclone activity is limited by the short duration of, and limitations in, historical records. In order to extend these records for tropical Western Australia, we have analyzed mud layers in stalagmite KNI-51-11 from the Kimberley region of north-central Australia that appear to be formed by … [Read more…]
Mining, even with modern precautions, puts the world’s delicately balanced biosphere in peril. While staying in the Province of Azuay, Ecuador, I witnessed firsthand the people’s resistance against the Canadian mining company “IAMGOLD” that is currently in the preliminary process of exploitation at the source of the community’s water system.
In Camilio José Cela’s La familia de Pascual Duarte, the reader follows the reflective journey of the protagonist, Pascual, as he recounts the events of his life by writing letters from the jail cell where he awaits his execution. What is apparent through his letters is the connection between Pascual’s sexuality and violence, which is … [Read more…]
The small town of Tremont experienced a traumatic event at the high school this past school year. The repercussions of this event were felt everywhere in this small community. This qualitative study examines how two female students at the junior high school responded to this event by performing gender through the expression of personal grief.
Roman historian Tacitus (56-101 AD) composed the Germania (98 AD), an ethnographical and historical description of the German peoples. The surviving, comprehensive study of the society was one of the earliest and most complete works of its kind. While it may seem an unlikely source to contain insights into the complexities of the Roman aristocracy, … [Read more…]
Few paleoclimate records preserve high-resolution information for the middle Holocene in (near) coastal Portugal, but this region contains many caves within a few kilometers of the coast. In addition, shells of shallow marine invertebrates record sea surface conditions and some of these were harvested and preserved in archaeological middens.
Ecological health depends on a wide diversity of all life forms. The greater the biodiversity the more opportunities there are for adaptive responses to environmental challenges such as climate change and economic development. Loss in biodiversity may limit medical and pharmacological discoveries. Biodiversity-rich ecosystems are more resilient and boost ecosystem productivity.
As women now hold masculine characteristics with less resistance than previously, traditional male masculinity has lost its “uniqueness.” Thus, many men have “hypermasculinized” themselves to still appear dominant over women. This study examines representations of masculinity and the shift toward a male hypermasculinity within heavy metal music.
Despite not regarding herself as a “poet,” much of Virginia Woolf’s literary prowess came from the extremely poetic nature of her prose. For Woolf, it was necessary for her work to be all-encompassing, weaving together both the mundane and beautiful aspects of life, a feat which she found both prose and poetry to fall short … [Read more…]
The North Qaidam Mountains on the northeastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau show evidence of ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphism, indicating subduction and exhumation of continental materials to > 90 km deep, within the mantle. The area most likely represents a suture zone, as an ophiolite is present, indicating the closing of an ocean. This ocean was … [Read more…]
In Nicaragua and Bolivia, large women’s movements grew out of women’s participation in opposition to authoritarian governments in the late 70s and early 80s. In each of these countries, the women’s movements condemned the use of birth control in the immediate aftermath of the restoration of democracy. Despite the position taken by the women’s movements, … [Read more…]
Hidden behind the masked figures of James Ensor’s The Entry of Christ into Brussels in 1889, from the years 1888-89, lies a spectacle waiting to be uncovered. In a 1932 speech for his exhibition at the Musée National du Jue de Paume in Paris, Ensor eloquently stated, “Witness The Entry of Christ into Brussels which … [Read more…]
The “American Dream” is an idea that pervades American politics, media and culture. In order to understand what the American Dream means, I explore it through analysis of qualitative interviews with 20 Iowans. These Iowans conceptualize the American Dream as a life in which one works hard, gets an education, values family and de-emphasizes money.
Coral colony orientation data obtained from Late Pleistocene reef coral assemblages preserved on Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, Great Inagua and San Salvador Islands, Bahamas, indicates that the same gradient in hurricane frequency observed today also was present during Late Pleistocene time. We conduct an independent test of this hypothesis by examining the successional patterns exhibited by … [Read more…]
In book 6 of Lucan’s Civil War, Sextus Pompey attempts to foresee the result of the final battle between Caesar and Pompey the Great by consulting the necromancer Erictho. With the notable exceptions of Clauser and Masters, the scholarly opinion on Erictho is that she is the most powerful witch in the ancient world, capable … [Read more…]
The evolutionary relationship of the Millepores in the Western Atlantic has been problematic for years. Current taxonomic distinction is based mainly upon morphological characters and habitat. Millepora complanta is found in shallower, more turbulent waters and is composed of sturdy blade-like colonies whereas M. alcicornis has delicate branching spires and inhabits deeper or more sheltered … [Read more…]
George Grosz’s painting Dedication to Oskar Panizza (1917-1918) is part of German political history, but this work also has its own place in the longer history of the iconographical theme “Dance of Death.” The significance of the “Dance of Death” to the meaning of Grosz’s Dedication to Oskar Panizza is often mentioned in descriptions of … [Read more…]
The devotion to the Virgin Mary as the Divine Shepherdess emerged in 1703 in Seville, Spain, and quickly gained a significant following. Missionaries carried this devotion to the Spanish American colonies, where they easily adapted the image of the Divine Shepherdess to various communities by conflating it with other Marian images. The statue of La … [Read more…]
The media industry is an ever-present force which contributes to society’s understanding of sex and gender. One important way in which the media contributes to conceptions of gender is by perpetuating questionable stereotypes, which can be understood to both replicate and reflect society’s understandings of gender.
Using data collected from 17 weeks of observation in a second-grade classroom, this paper addresses how the dual status of race and class can potentially contradict with white, middle class standards, values, and norms that most public schools are based on.
The San Salvador Island, Bahamas, is located within Hurricane Alley, causing the island to be passed by approximately 60 hurricanes in over a 100-year span. The purpose of this project is to conduct a comparative multiyear study, from 1999 to 2010, of three beaches on San Salvador that experience different wave and wind regimes and … [Read more…]
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of the 9/11 terror attack on dating preferences. Terror management theory states that after exposure to mortality salience, people increase stereotypical thinking and intergroup bias between groups. It was hypothesized that after the 9/11 terror attack, people would become more egocentric when seeking a dating … [Read more…]
“I’ll tell you one thing, friend. If you want me to learn your language, you’d better have a gun” (117 Walcott). With this statement, white hotel owner and former English song-and-dance man, Harry Guild, of Derek Walcott’s Pantomime, highlights the critical role that guns have had in colonization, while demonstrating the lack of power the … [Read more…]
Recent studies from Borneo and Indonesia have increased our understanding of the evolution of the Indonesian-Australian Summer Monsoon (InAuSM) system over the past 10,000 years (the Holocene epoch). However, little is known about the InAuSM in Australia or at centennial time-scales.
In Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway, the character of Sally Seton is often over looked and over shadowed by attention to the character of Peter Walsh who is portrayed somewhat misleadingly as Clarissa’s first love. Censorship in early 20th century Great Britain prevented literary representation of overt lesbian romance.
This study offers findings from a four-month long qualitative inquiry, through my student teaching experience, which examined the influence that gender ideologies exercised in the high school vocal music classroom. Through classroom observation, this study looked at the various ways that two adolescent boys in a small-town, working-class American high school constructed masculine identity. Specifically, … [Read more…]
Women cannot have comprehensive reproductive care without access to the full range of reproductive options, including abortion. However, the stigma that surrounds this topic limits acceptance of and access to abortion, which is associated with humiliation and disgrace. While NARAL Pro-Choice Oregon takes a pro-choice stance on abortion, this perspective falls under their larger mission … [Read more…]
Dye-sensitized solar cells are considered one of the most promising advancements in alternative energy. They are cheap, easy to make, and considerably efficient. Efficiencies are the key area of interest in our research, and we worked with the formula and creation of the Titanium Dioxide paste as the key method.
Humans base their identity at least partly in the social groups of which they are members. The presence of competition or conflict between groups can lead the “in-group” to feel that protecting its identity requires self-distinguishment through hostile behavior towards the “out-group.” When these in-groups behave aggressively towards out-groups, members must either conform or sacrifice … [Read more…]
Biological control of plant pathogens has steadily grown in popularity over the past several decades as an alternative to the use of pesticides which negatively affects the environment. A problem in the use of biocontrol agents is the unpredictability of interactions they face once introduced to the soil, some of which impair the production of … [Read more…]
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), more commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a neurodegenerative disease with no known cure. Presently, a portion of familial ALS cases can be linked to a mutation in the sod1 gene, which encodes the protein copper-zinc superoxide dismutase. In many ALS patients, aggregated proteins (amyloid) have been found in their … [Read more…]
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is a technique that combines gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry to characterize substances within a sample. We first used this technique to analyze turtle nest volatiles to determine if turtle nest predators use olfactory cues to find nest sites.
There are extensive qualitative arguments in the corruption literature that relate the prevalence of value-dense natural resources to the pervasiveness of corruption. However, this raises the question of whether natural resources themselves are associated with corruption when other variables are held constant. If so, then natural resources may cause corruption, or there may be a … [Read more…]
J. M. Coetzee’s retelling of Robinson Crusoe, Foe, makes no effort to help the reader understand the novel. As a result critics have interpreted the novel in a variety of different ways. For example, the last section of the book, which is arguably the most ambiguous part, has been interpreted as anything from a baptismal … [Read more…]
Chronic migraines affect the lives of approximately 32 million Americans. Research is currently focused on investigating the relationship between electrical activity and the innate immune system in causing the progression of migraine.
Religious or devotional art is not usually associated with the Surrealist Salvador Dalí; however, there is a place for the genre in his oeuvre. There is a gap in his artistic styles between his infamous Surrealism and his Nuclear Mysticism. His fascination with the developing field of psychoanalytic theory consumed his attention until the late … [Read more…]
As global climate change persists, anthropogenic impacts will continue to exacerbate current environmental degradation, particularly to coral reef ecosystems. To mitigate this critical situation, coral reef conservation efforts have focused on the development of effective marine protected areas (MPAs). However, successful ecological conservation and restoration require an understanding of previous community states – unaffected by … [Read more…]
As we move into the future, Internet presence is becoming more and more important. The so called “Web 2.0” revolution is here to stay.
The Raf/MEK/ERK pathway is one of the MAPK (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase) pathways that control the cell cycle resulting in the meditation of cell growth, proliferation and differentiation. Paradoxically, the Raf/MEK/ERK pathway can also induce cell cycle arrest. How can the same pathway mediate these paradoxical cellular responses?
Richard Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde incorporates and expands upon aspects of Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy. Schopenhauer philosophized that an undifferentiated force, known as the ‘will,’ drives us to fulfill desires that are insatiable.
Since 1995, the Peruvian government has been working to restructure their healthcare system. In rural areas and small towns, healthcare services are limited, while in major cities healthcare is more available and is considered adequate. Thus, a large proportion of Peruvians have inadequate access to health services. Approximately seventy percent of the population lives at … [Read more…]
Jules Bastien-Lepage was an Academic Realist painter whose life coincided with the Realist movement in France. The epitome of the avant-garde at this time was Gustave Courbet with his strict interpretation of Realism. Although Bastien-Lepage viewed himself as a Realist, the pictorial elements of his work aligned him much more soundly with the English Pre-Raphaelites … [Read more…]
Our project, under the guidelines of the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh 2010 Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU), aims to design a community-based hypertext lesson collaboration website, named JGIVE.
Chris Abani’s Becoming Abigail was published in 2006 and there is very little written about it in academia. I approached this book with the question of “how do/should you read it?” The book is about a young girl who goes through a series of traumatic events and ends up in England, on a bridge over … [Read more…]
Pseudomonas fluorescens PF-5 is a strain of bacteria that is an effective bio-control agent and produces several disease suppressing metabolites. Our task was to develop a fungal library using a variety of methods to grow, isolate, and store the samples.
The Tibetan plateau in Southwestern China is the result of multiple tectonic events. The region is composed of various terranes and tectonically altered zones, including the North Qaidam ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphic belt. The belt extends roughly 500 km NW–SE before being sinistrally offset by the Altyn Tagh fault and is found between the Qilian terrane … [Read more…]
Taxon-specific sampling has been used in many studies of drilling gastropod predation and is particularly useful for rare taxa. Whether predation metrics from such samples are biased compared to bulk samples, the most widely accepted method of collection for studies of predation, requires testing.
Gurania bignoniacea and Gurania acuminata are two species of flowering vines in the cucurbit family native to tropical South America. Although each is currently considered to be a single species with widespread geographic distribution, these two names encompass more than 20 historical species epithets applied to type specimens collected across the continent.
The artwork of Alison Saar is deeply spiritual and personal. Saar is an Los Angelian artist who works with iconography based in her own heritage, European and African-American, as well as learned icons related to Buddhism or urban street culture, for example. While the multitude of influences are readily apparent in her works, there are … [Read more…]
The North Qaidam Ophiolite provides insight into the mechanisms that formed the rocks of the Tibetan Plateau before its uplift through the Cenozoic India-Eurasia collision. The ophiolite, juxtaposed and folded with an ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) terrane across the Luiliangshan Detachment Zone, separates the two major terranes in the region, the Qaidam and Qilian blocks.