Ethnic violence, often over conflicts of land, has plagued Kenya since before independence from Britain in 1963. Gross human rights violations have resulted in thousands of deaths and the displacement of over a million people.
Brittany Atchison and Xinrui Zeng were Cornell’s first recipients of the International Humanitarian Fellowship, a fully funded month-long service opportunity with the International Volunteer Headquarters. Out of 15 global placement sites, Atchison and Zeng both traveled to Nairobi, Kenya, and worked with Fadhili Community, a local non-profit organization (Atchison in May 2009; Zeng in June … [Read more…]
When light strikes cadmium selenimide nanocrystals (quantum dots), electron hole pairs are produced. The excited electrons can create a current in thin-layer titanium dioxide solar cells.
The Burnham Plan of 100 years ago is still important today. It created what we know as the “Loop” and instituted the idea of large public works and projects. The Burnham Plan introduced private funding with public support, which is an important factor for the Burnham Plan of today.
Tony Kushner’s play Angels In America argues that love is, often times, incompatible and convoluted because love involves expectation and responsibility, from both oneself and one’s partner.
In response to an aging population, the increased number of unfit and overweight adults, as well as participation in sports activities, physical therapy is becoming more of a necessity in today’s society. Physical therapists develop treatment plans that promote the ability to move, prevent disability, develop fitness, reduce pain, and restore function in both athletic … [Read more…]
The American Dream is a social construct that carries particular social importance at this time of the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression.
Fire history recorded in charcoal in lake sediments can be used to determine different climate conditions and vegetation, as well as fire frequency. The observation of different charcoal morphotypes has been suggested to reflect fuel sources and burn conditions present at the time of the fire.
Demonstrating the collected efforts of three computer science students, this presentation will display several distinct applications of program design.
Benthic marine faunas are currently experiencing rapid shifts in community structure which are already having deleterious effects on marine ecosystems. Since many systematic surveys of marine communities occurred after those communities had been disturbed, our knowledge of “what is natural” is incomplete: a phenomenon that has been termed the “shifting baseline syndrome.”
Firing ceramics is an enormous aspect of clay art. The glazing and marking of a piece transforms a raw-looking form into a work of art. Kilns of all shapes, sizes, and types can be built in order to accomplish the finishing touches on a ceramicist’s work.
A small, seventeenth-century oil on copper painting of Danaë appears on the walls of the Saint Louis Museum of Art. In 1999, Jeanne Morgan Zarucchi brought this 16″ X 20.5″ work to the attention to the larger feminist community with her Women’s Art Journal article “The Gentileschi Danaë: A Narrative of Rape,” where she argues … [Read more…]
There are some medical conditions that are electrical in nature, for example, in the heart or brain. Treating these conditions involve localizing and identifying the part of the heart (or brain) which behaves erratically without having to cut open the patients.
The ornate box turtle (Terrapene ornata ornata) is on the threatened species list in Iowa. Predation on nests is the primary source of mortality in this species; Cornell faculty and students have investigated interventions intended to reduce nest predation in a nearby population of ornate box turtles.
George Grosz is described as the saddest man in all Europe. As Uwe Schneede argued in George Grosz: The Artist in His Society, Grosz’s work cannot be placed into any clear category.
During the immune response, CD8+ T-cells are activated by an antigen presenting cell (APC) and undergo a rapid expansion producing cytotoxic T-cells as well as memory cells. Previously, it was found that the transcription factor ELF4 negatively regulates quiescence in naïve CD8+ T-cells. ELF4 does this by activating Klf4, a tumor suppressor gene, inducing cell … [Read more…]
1863 English translation of Don Quijote de la Mancha is filled with beautiful, highly-detailed engravings by Gustav Doré. These illustrations aid the reader in comprehending the text and clarify the themes of the work through composition, lighting, and visual symbolism.
Two morphologies of Millepora, currently classified as separate species, exist in the Bahamas. Millepora complanata, is found primarily in shallow waters, possessing wide, smooth branches whereas Millepora alcicornis, is found primarily in deeper waters, possessing thinner, knobby branches.
Organic dye-sensitized solar cells have emerged as inexpensive and environmentally-friendly alternatives to inorganic and organo-metallic solar cells. We synthesized three different types of organic dyes for solar cells: perylene monoimides, azo dyes, and push-pull poly-enes.
Fractional Calculus is the study of integrals and derivatives of arbitrary order. We are all at least acquainted with the idea of a regular derivative or integral, and, by iteration, second, third, and even arbitrary integer-order integrals or derivatives can be found with the tools of regular calculus.
“I warned you, Louis. Names are important. Call an animal ‘Little Sheba’ and you can’t expect it to stick around.” (Kushner 20). As researchers raced to isolate the AIDS virus in the 1980s, the media’s portrayal of the issue helped integrate a new collection of keywords into common speech.
In this presentation we will be building a modified Geiger counter to detect cosmic muons and will be directly measuring the average muon density or flux on the earth’s surface and at varying altitudes.
String theory offers a solution to the long sought after grand theory of everything in physics. Essentially what it says is that all particles which we now know of and those which have not yet been observed are all made up of tiny vibrating strings.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or more commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a neurodegenerative disease that usually causes eventual respiratory failure due to motor neuron death. Approximately 90% of all ALS cases are classified as sporadic ALS, meaning that there is no known cause.
Approximately 28 million members of the U.S. population are affected by migraine. Migraine frequently progresses from Episodic Migraine (EM) to Chronic Migraine (CM). Current investigations into the transition from EM to CM have focused on the potential of a physiological process called Spreading Depression (SD) and the potential influence of the innate immune system in … [Read more…]
Verbal and nonverbal cues from a choir teacher can potentially have a dramatic effect on the classroom environment. First, the author refers to current literature which argues a teacher’s self-awareness of classroom presence can be broken down into stages and suggests students may determine their ability level by teachers’ verbal cues.
For decades, baseball pitchers have been manipulating a baseball in its flight toward home plate in order to decrease the chances of the batter making contact with the ball. As a means of investigating the human body’s ability to overcome concepts of physics such as the magnus force and drag force, two separate pitches, the … [Read more…]
Adequate nutritional and physical activity habits contribute to healthy living practices. According to the Prudent Healthy Diet recommendations set forth by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), individuals should strive to balance food consumption with physical activity, eat a nutritionally adequate diet consisting of a wide variety of nutrient-rich foods, moderate fat intake, consume … [Read more…]
Astraea is the virgin goddess of justice. Prophesized by Virgil to return with the new golden age, her image became one of rebirth, prosperity, and peace. Modern spectators may find the figure of Astraea; however, during the seventeenth century, it was even more obscure to find a painting cycle based on the life of a … [Read more…]
This paper addresses the following question: Would a court today reach the same decision that it did six decades ago in the case of United States v. Pullman Co. et al.?
In Heaven’s Coast, a literary AIDS memoir by Mark Doty, many things help him deal with his grief over the loss of his partner to AIDS, however it is the presence of flora that helps Doty move through his grief, providing beauty and structure in his life.
With her Earth-body Art, Cuban-American artist Ana Mendieta created a language that escaped the common narrative of her time. During the sixties and seventies, the postmodern narrative influenced artists to find a sense of meaning within a larger global context.
Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is common following joint injuries. Injury itself and its after effects are known to kill chondrocytes. A large factor in the death of chondrocytes following blunt impact during in vitro studies has been superoxide release.
Climate change affects sea level causing sea level fluctuations, which are correlated to glacial and interglacial periods. During glacial intervals water is stored as ice on the continents; therefore, sea level drops.
The post-apartheid South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) attempted to create reconciliation through truth-telling but neglected women’s needs in the process. This study asks: Are truth and reconciliation gender-neutral?
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most common pulmonary pathogens (Overhage, et. al., 2006). It is an opportunistic and highly virulent pathogen that rarely affects healthy people; in fact, P. aeruginosa affects primarily immune-compromised people such as those suffering from cystic fibrosis (Kohler, et al., 2000).
To avoid the potential problem of network messages (packets) looping around forever inside a network, each message includes a Time To Live (TTL) field. This field contains the number of nodes (stations, computers, etc.) that can retransmit the message, forwarding it along toward its destination, before the message is unceremoniously dropped.
Existing research indicates many women experience significant psychological distress when trying on clothing, especially swimwear. This effect appears to be less pronounced in men.
The membrane potential of a cell is defined as the voltage inside the cell relative to the extracellular solution. Preexisting methods to measure cell membrane potential are more invasive and harmful to cells compared to the process of fluorescence resonant energy transfer (FRET).
In a post-Wagnerian musical world, the second Viennese school was a ground-breaking collective of composers focused on exploring new methods of writing and understanding music. At the onset of the twentieth century, the traditional concept of tonality had been destroyed, leaving composers to create unity in music through other means.
Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 produces metabolites that inhibit rhizosphere plant pathogens, thus the organism is a natural biocontrol agent and increases plant survival (Raaijmakers et al., 2002). Pf-5 specifically produces 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG), pyoluteorin (PLT), and pyrrolnitrin, which have all been found to have biocontrol activity (Duffy & Defago, 1999; Bender, et al, 1999; Sarniguet, et al., … [Read more…]
In the final antistrophe of the last stasimon in Euripides’ Medea (1282-92) the chorus offers its best historical comparison to Medea: the doomed mother Ino. Some scholars argue that this comparison is ineffective – that Ino serves as a poor exemplum for Medea.
J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series changed the children’s publishing industry forever and captured the hearts of readers worldwide. In an attempt to explain the success of the Harry Potter series, this paper borrows from literary theorist Nancy Armstrong’s How Novels Think, which explores the logic of the novel across the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
One would imagine that a work as famous as Raphael’s School of Athens would have every figure established. Nevertheless, Daniel Orth Bell’s article entitled “New Identifications in Raphael’s School of Athens” of 1995 proposed a radical reinterpretation of two figures.
For being the most famous gladiator to ever live, there is a surprising dearth of information about the man called Spartacus. Yes, his slave rebellion against the Roman Republic in 73 B.C.E. and the managerial skills with which he conducts it are both documented and recounted multiple times by both Greek and Latin authors, but … [Read more…]
Human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) became the first oncolytic virus approved for commercial use in 2005 through intratumoral injection. However, problems still remain when the virus is injected systemically. In recent findings, when a dose of competent adenovirus was administered systemically, the virus was sequestered by the liver, causing complications rather than delivering therapeutics to … [Read more…]
This past summer, Cornell’s continuing research into dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) saw many improvements. The record efficiency produced by this program climbed to 3.5%. This leap in efficiency can be attributed to newly developed fabrication procedures as well as new and improved measurements.
As a curatorial intern at the National Music Museum over the summer of 2009, I spent twelve weeks cataloging part of the museum’s collection of over 500 zithers. The museum’s vast collection of these stringed folk instruments was naturally varied and so entailed careful research and organization for identification purposes.
In a day and age where each individual seems to be constantly bombarded by attention grabbing images trying to sell us one product or another, people have begun to notice with particular attention those few images that are not related to consumerism or some political campaign. Despite our familiarity with images such as the artist … [Read more…]
Why does HIV-related stigma against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in Kenya continue even though the battle against HIV has being going on for more than twenty years? By reviewing literature which explains the causes and mechanisms of stigma, two personal case studies of HIV families, and lessons from existing stigma reduction interventions, the purpose … [Read more…]