In this presentation I will be exploring Andrea Palladio’s Composite Temple front façade design, focusing on texts written by Rudolf Wittkower and Bruce Boucher. While Wittkower’s Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism is more extensive in its studies of humanism and the movement’s many architects, Boucher’s Andrea Palladio focuses solely on Palladio. Boucher makes many references to Wittkower’s text in his book, often amending, disagreeing with, and expanding upon ideas.
There are two main discrepancies between these two texts that I will discuss here: the problem of where and how Palladio originally conceptualized the plan for the “Composite Façade”, and the date which he began to use it. I will discuss both Boucher and Wittkower’s views, relating them to temple front design to Palladio’s San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice, the Temple of Minerva in the forum of Nerva, as well as drawings and translations of Palladio’s work. I will also concentrate on how these views relate to Vitruvius, an architect and author from the times of Caesar Augustus in Rome; who undoubtedly was Palladio’s greatest inspiration. Readings of Palladio’s Quattro Libri and Vitruvius’ de Architettura will be applied to and support the conclusions I draw from Wittkower and Boucher.
Michele Monson, ’00 Minneapolis, MN
Sponsor: Christina McOmber