Sex is something that our society is simultaneously obsessed with and embarrassed to openly talk about. One area in which this juxtaposition is particularly prevalent is in the way sexual education is taught in public schools. The Title V State Abstinence Education Grant exclusively provides funding for abstinence only education and prohibits teaching about safe … [Read more…]
According to American cultural dogma, a stable, two-parent home with a few biological children is the ultimate ideal and the foundation of a thriving society. Hence, U.S. policymakers have opted to enroll children without suitable caregivers in a foster care system that provides pseudo-idealistic families rather than rely on state-sponsored supervision like orphanages. In fact, … [Read more…]
Exponential population growth cannot be sustained on a planet with finite resources, yet we find that the human population has exceeded the Earth’s carrying capacity and continues to grow. This trend persists despite pleas from population control advocates who argue that limiting the population is essential for avoiding additional environmental degradation. Historically, efforts at controlling … [Read more…]
If the nation hopes for positive child outcomes that translate into successful youth-to-adult transitions, then the government and other invested agencies must develop rational social policies that account for the various outside forces, such as neighborhoods, which affect individual child outcomes. I hypothesize that the higher the quality of a neighborhood the more likely a … [Read more…]
Previous research has shown that single mothers are among the most marginalized, isolated, and economically disadvantaged groups in Malagasy society (Ricaldi Coquelin 2010). Using qualitative data from a series of interviews with eleven single mothers in the Antananarivo region of Madagascar and participant observation of the daily activities at Akany Soanandrasana, a Catholic center providing … [Read more…]
As women now hold masculine characteristics with less resistance than previously, traditional male masculinity has lost its “uniqueness.” Thus, many men have “hypermasculinized” themselves to still appear dominant over women. This study examines representations of masculinity and the shift toward a male hypermasculinity within heavy metal music.
The “American Dream” is an idea that pervades American politics, media and culture. In order to understand what the American Dream means, I explore it through analysis of qualitative interviews with 20 Iowans. These Iowans conceptualize the American Dream as a life in which one works hard, gets an education, values family and de-emphasizes money.
The media industry is an ever-present force which contributes to society’s understanding of sex and gender. One important way in which the media contributes to conceptions of gender is by perpetuating questionable stereotypes, which can be understood to both replicate and reflect society’s understandings of gender.
Using data collected from 17 weeks of observation in a second-grade classroom, this paper addresses how the dual status of race and class can potentially contradict with white, middle class standards, values, and norms that most public schools are based on.
Women cannot have comprehensive reproductive care without access to the full range of reproductive options, including abortion. However, the stigma that surrounds this topic limits acceptance of and access to abortion, which is associated with humiliation and disgrace. While NARAL Pro-Choice Oregon takes a pro-choice stance on abortion, this perspective falls under their larger mission … [Read more…]
Hawaii is often stereotyped as an idyllic paradise in which racial harmony exists, and this is true, to an extent. Where the continental U.S. battles with issues of acculturation and assimilation, amalgamation has manifested itself in Hawaii with the creation of the “local,” a person of mixed ancestry from several ethnic groups. The cultures of … [Read more…]
The American Dream is a social construct that carries particular social importance at this time of the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression.
The post-apartheid South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) attempted to create reconciliation through truth-telling but neglected women’s needs in the process. This study asks: Are truth and reconciliation gender-neutral?
This presentation is based on two months of ethnographic field research in the village of San Vicente de Nicoya, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, during which the current state of the community based museum called the Ecomuseum de la Cerámica Chorotega that opened in May of 2007 was studied.
Depictions of the banjo in the visual arts and literature of the Harlem Renaissance are reflective of both the banjo’s painful associations with black-face minstrelsy and its importance as a source of reclaimed heritage for Afro-Americans of the time.
Even though the Western world is growing steadily more accustomed to hearing reports of suicide terrorism occurring in the Middle East, it is still unnerving to many to hear of a woman carrying out a suicide attack.
This work is an analysis of the uses of Native American imagery in advertising, beginning with a consideration of the images used in advertisements in the 19th century.
Traveling to South Africa and Namibia in October was an eye-opening experience for both of the authors.
This paper explores the methods by which theology has risen out of the academy and emerged into the practical sphere of social change throughout South Africa. Drawing upon liberation theology, survival theology, and traditional African theology, South African feminists have developed an activist theology. This theology is aimed at addressing the violence that permeates the … [Read more…]
An in-depth look at the cultural differences between medical practices in the United States and Bolivia after an internship in a Bolivian hospital.
For the better part of thirty years, a mining project near Crandon, Wisconsin, was pursued by multi-national corporations. A struggle to permanently block mining there intensified during the last decade of the 20th century.In 2002, the project was finally closed when the site was purchased by a coalition of Native American Tribes.
The American Civil Liberties Union had formed during World War I, quickly establishing itself as the premier group dedicated to protecting constitutional rights and civil liberties in this country. At this same time, with the onset of World War II and for a period of over four years, the United States put its constitution to … [Read more…]
A review of current research regarding adolescent alcohol and cigarette use and family structure was conducted. The current research states a higher likelihood of substance use in adolescents in non-traditional family structures.
When 13 other students and I chose to spend almost five months abroad in the ACM India Studies program, we did so for similar reasons, to challenge ourselves, to assess our individual coping skills, our potential for growth, and to see how much applied of what all of us only knew from the likes of … [Read more…]
After completing my student teaching in a second and third grade classroom in an inner-city elementary school in Chicago, Illinois, I developed many questions about the complexities of teaching poor, urban minority students.
The evolution of mass media and the constant display of ordinary people on television have revolutionized the programs that we now watch. Most of us question the “reality” of these programs, but we do not argue their entertainment values; this project examines the popular phenomenon of reality TV as a genre in popular culture.
A group of 15 students and one staff member from Cornell College headed to New York City for a week long service project to help the homeless.
Angels in America is a political play cycle set in 1980s Reaganite America. The political and social background of the plays contribute to Tony Kushner’ s message that conservative America is not how society should be: liberal unity and collectivity is the better path to follow.
Unfortunately one of the things Brazil is known for is the number of street children (Hecht 3). Street children have become an intense problem and much social action is rising to aid their need.
The purpose of this presentation will be to share our Ambassadorial experiences with the Cornell community.
Hidden within the unambiguous and oftentimes intimate affection condoned by society and shared by two men, lies a community of deviants in the eyes of Islam and of the state, indulging in the acts and behaviors of same-gender relations – sexual in nature and occurrence. Despite its outlaw and severe stigmatization in society, male homosexuality … [Read more…]
This presentation describes democratic decision-making in business organizations. I examine how cooperative businesses balance individual incentives with those of the collective.
The term “ sex ratio” refers to a measurement of the number of females to males in a given population, most often expressed as the number of females per thousand males. Adverse sex ratio refers to when this ratio is skewed, i.e., there are more males being born than females.
The floral microculture, specifically florists and the role they play in facilitating the symbolic meaning of flowers within the American culture, was examined.
This ethnography analyzes the daily activities and beliefs pertaining to animal euthanasia of two animal care workers in a city in the Midwest.
Though the new gold rush town of Virginia City, Montana, located in rich Alder Gulch, was not yet a year old, the winter of 1863-64 proved to be quite trying for its residents. The charming sheriff, it is later found, leads a double life as the leader of a murderous band of thieves.
Despite growing concern over the harmful effects of America’ s college drinking phenomenon, efforts to reduce binge drinking have largely failed. Drinking is understood to be a vehicle for integration and socializing for college students, yet some theoretical approaches attempt to explain it as a deviant behavior.
Potters for Peace (PFP) is a U.S. based NGO consisting of potters, educators, technicians and supporters who work intimately with potters in Nicaragua to alleviate difficult social conditions related to the country’ s political and economical instability.
This study focused on the connection between social isolation, deviant social association, and criminal deviance in young adults.
This study examines Allport’ s “ contact hypothesis” and the effects of intrapersonal media contact on the amelioration of homosexual prejudices and stereotypes. Studies have shown that media contact has a large effect on prejudices and stereotypes.
Students and staff who are participating in Alternative Spring Break (ASB) will travel to New Orleans, Louisiana to work to help rebuild and give aid to those affected by Hurricane Katrina. More specifically what we will be doing is: unloading and loading trucks, Giving out food and water, building and restoring buildings, giving service at … [Read more…]
In late August of 2005, Hurricane Katrina blasted the Gulf Coast with 175 mph winds, caused $75 billion worth of damages, killed 1,336 people, flooded 80 percent of New Orleans, and forced more than one million residents of New Orleans metropolitan area to evacuate, many of whom will not and cannot return to what is … [Read more…]
I went to Arkhangai Aimag in Mongolia for two weeks to live with and interview herding families and co-operatives, poverty group leaders, government officials, and bank representatives. The focus of my study is the introduction of sustainable cooperatives and small businesses to rural areas, and how these will help relieve poverty.
Throughout history, suspension of the human body from hooks has been performed, particularly in eastern cultures. With the popularization of types of body modification such as piercing, the practice of suspension has developed among participants in modern western cultures, and is ritually performed in places like Europe, the United States, and Canada.
Cornell College prides itself on being the first coeducational institution West of the Mississippi and the first in the nation to grant a female Professorship with the same pay as any male in the field.
The transition from high school to college is a tumultuous journey filled with challenges and changes. During this time of transformation, will a student change something as personal and defining as religion?
Frida Kahlo was a Mexican artist who liberated herself and her beliefs though her paintings. Her works are often discussed in terms of the pain and anguish she suffered throughout her short life-from her birth in 1907 to her death in 1954.
In the United States today, the marital relationship is one of the most influential aspects of many people’s lives, as more than 90% of the American population marries at least once in their lifetime (Velander 1993).
Female prostitution has existed for centuries. Male prostitution has existed right along with it, in the same temples and ancient societies.
Monique Wittig, an influential woman of the radical feminist movement, left an important mark on the world in both the literary and the feminist senses.