In the United States, the nonprofit sector has grown steadily to reach 1.44 million registered organizations as of 2014, which contributes an annual average of 5.4% of gross domestic product in the United States. The sector is incredibly diverse and dynamic, yet studies measuring the impacts of their programs are scarce past financial data, or … [Read more…]
While the study of the use of negative campaign tactics has been a prolific topic of scholarship, previous studies have generally been limited in their ability to test the dynamics of negativity over the course of the campaign because their analysis of content from political campaigns is either static in nature or limited in its … [Read more…]
According to the NCES, nearly one in four students attend rural schools. This research will examine the adverse effects that living in a rural school district have on testing scores, specifically in schools classified as being in impoverished areas. The foundation of this research relies on this assumption that rural schools will be less comprehensive … [Read more…]
For most Americans, the words “U.S. Farm Bill” are nearly meaningless. Unlike hot-button legislation such as the PATRIOT and Defense of Marriage Acts, the citizens of the world’s largest agricultural exporter have never been collectively convinced that this obscure, now 600-odd page law is relevant to their lives.
The forces of globalization have created a growing interdependence of the world’s economies. This trend is accompanied by an increase in interaction between states that are highly diverse in terms of geographic and demographic dimensions.
This study looks at the economic disincentive for states to switch to the proportional electoral voting system. Every four years during the presidential campaign, both campaigns spend a considerable amount of money in the battleground states. Switching from “winner takes all” voting system to “proportionality voting” will lead to economic consequences.
Online voting offers many potential benefits over the current voting system used for U.S. elections. It can be easier, cheaper, and even more secure. However, it also comes with numerous risks that must be overcome.
It is well known that during the Cold War, human rights abuses and dirty wars were very common in Latin America. During the Carter administration of the 1970s, human rights preservation became a U.S. foreign policy objective.
The United States Constitution has endured for well over two centuries, so it may seem strange that a country would rewrite its constitution entirely. The remaking of a country’s constitution could set it on a dangerous trajectory toward autocratic rule or could set the country on a course of political, social, and economic growth.
In 1972, Professor Chris Stone published an article titled “Should Trees Have Standing?” In his essay, Stone called upon the Supreme Court to expand the legal concept of standing, which determines whether parties have the opportunity to have their cases heard in court.
It is well known that during the Cold War, the U.S. was heavily involved in the internal affairs of Latin American countries. In the late 1970s, Jimmy Carter became President and attempted to reverse American foreign policy in these countries and stop supporting the dictators who were committing human rights abuses.
Public policy is what governments do when problems arise, and how they act to solve problems. In Ethiopia, the government relies heavily on traditional methods of conflict resolution to mediate disputes between fighting parties.
The “American Dream” is an idea that pervades American politics, media and culture. In order to understand what the American Dream means, I explore it through analysis of qualitative interviews with 20 Iowans. These Iowans conceptualize the American Dream as a life in which one works hard, gets an education, values family and de-emphasizes money.
Ethnic violence, often over conflicts of land, has plagued Kenya since before independence from Britain in 1963. Gross human rights violations have resulted in thousands of deaths and the displacement of over a million people.
Brittany Atchison and Xinrui Zeng were Cornell’s first recipients of the International Humanitarian Fellowship, a fully funded month-long service opportunity with the International Volunteer Headquarters. Out of 15 global placement sites, Atchison and Zeng both traveled to Nairobi, Kenya, and worked with Fadhili Community, a local non-profit organization (Atchison in May 2009; Zeng in June … [Read more…]
The Burnham Plan of 100 years ago is still important today. It created what we know as the “Loop” and instituted the idea of large public works and projects. The Burnham Plan introduced private funding with public support, which is an important factor for the Burnham Plan of today.
At the core of Adolf Hitler’s devastating dictatorial regime lay a desire to unite the Volk (the German people), an end he set out to achieve through racial purification.
John Stuart Mill explores the notion of individual autonomy and a citizen’s freedom from government interference in cases of self-regarding actions.
Jean Domat, a French juror and legal scholar during the reign of Louis XIV, wrote a text defending Absolute Monarchy called On Social Order and Absolute Monarchy in 1697.
In the face of injustice, it is often more comfortable to become a bystander than to become an activist.
Cornell students Brittany Atchison and Chris Davids attended the Social Justice Training Institute – a national developmental program for college students committed to dialogue regarding inclusiveness and equal access – held at the University of Illinois, May 20-25, 2008.
This presentation details the various projects and relief efforts conducted during my internship with the United Nations World Food Programme in Cochabamba, Bolivia, during the month of February, 2008.
Last semester I spent five months studying Hebrew on a kibbutz in Israel. While I was there, war erupted with both Gaza and Lebanon.
“ Public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it nothing can succeed.” –August 21, 1858, Lincoln-Douglas debate at Ottawa In 1864 the North witnessed a presidential election race that was a mixture of purpose, patriotism, weariness, and strife.
This presentation explores the political attitudes and participation of minority group members, specifically Latinos and African Americans, in American politics.
The legality of abortion is a heated controversial issue that frequently crosses party lines.
The legality of abortion is a heated controversial issue that frequently crosses party lines.
The guillotine, used in France as recently as 1977, is now generally considered to be cruel punishment. In a similar manner, gas chambers and hanging are increasingly seen as cruel; yet the Constitution prohibits such cruel and unusual punishment.
Presidents George Bush and George W. Bush both fought wars against Iraq during their respective terms in office. Each employed rhetorical strategies and exploited the media to elicit public, Congressional and international support for war.
Last summer, I had the privilege of observing several trials while interning at the Johnson County Attorney’s Office in Iowa City, Iowa. I watched the trials in their entirety and heard the same information that the jurors did.
Hate speech on campuses is a growing threat to the security and educational equality of minority college students.
Since the landmark Brown v. Board of Education cases of the mid 1950’s, judges have taken steps to increase the involvement of the judiciary in deciding exactly how to desegregate.
Throughout Latin American history, the Roman Catholic Church has played a tumultuous role, from passive “soul saving” to aggressive revolutionary actions.
A few sentences: The Catholic Church has recognized that along with modernization comes the promotion of two democratic ideas: the separation of Church and State and the endorsement of secularization.
Hate crimes are a serious and grotesquely common reality in the world today. The names and faces are as real as our siblings, parents, teachers and friends.
Affirmative action policies have arisen as a result of executive orders, legislation, consent decrees stemming from government investigations, court-ordered remedies, and voluntary action by corporations and other institutions.
The bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, ignited a panic across America that resulted in the forced relocation of Japanese American citizens and non-citizens from the West Coast to one of ten inland internment or prison camps.
When we remember the 2000 presidential election, what will we think of first? Will it be that only around 50% of the voting age public participated or will it be the Florida citizens who claimed they were disfranchised?
When we remember the 2000 presidential election, what will we think of first? Will it be that only around 50 percent of the voting age public participated or will it be the Florida citizens who claimed they were disenfranchised?
When we consider effective regulatory policy for the cigarette industry, it is necessary to assume a perspective that stems from the theory of the rational consumer.
On March 22, 1989, after 18 months of intense negotiations, leaders from 105 nations unanimously adopted a treaty restricting shipments and dumpings of hazardous wastes across national borders.
The practice of negotiation and bargaining is an essential skill for humans in a social existence.
The political chaos of the past year has stirred up a whirlwind of questions surrounding the privileges and accountability of our highest executive.
The Sexual Experience Survey Committee conducted a survey to learn about sexual assault as it relates to Cornell students. In presenting our findings at the Student Symposium, we hope to accomplish two goals:
The Kansas City, Missouri School District is one of the only school districts in the nation which has had continuing problems with desegregation since the Brown v. Board of Education ruling in 1954.
While the Spice Girls were busy doling out their watered-down version of “Girl Ppwer” and Time magazine was misguidedly comparing fictional TV characters to real, live, feminist activists, young women across the United States and all over the world have been working to set feminism’s record straight.
Any discussion of the effects of current U.S. Foreign Policy in Bolivia must start with an examination of both Bolivian history, at least as far back as the revolution of 1952, as well as of the history of Bolivian/U.S. relations since World War II.
Strong on-going volunteer partnerships between students and agencies are central to the success of service programs on both the Cornell College campus and in the places we serve.
The idea is based from Paul Skilton Sylvester’s article, “Teaching and Practice.” Using the article’s suggested building procedures, Mrs. Moore, my cooperating teacher, and I began building our own working town, “Fantastic 205,” in our classroom.
The United States Supreme Court has recognized that a woman’s right to an abortion is constitutionally protected in two ways: as a fundamental right to privacy, and under the Due Process Clause.