Sociosexual Orientation, Sensation Seeking, and Attraction

April 27th, 2013

Sociosexual orientation serves as a measure of how restricted or permissive individuals are in their sexual attitudes, behaviors, and desires. Researchers have explored how both sociosexual orientation and sensation seeking affect interpersonal attraction, but no previous research has explored these variables and their effects together. Read More…

Psychophysiological Effects of State Self-Objectification and Clothing-Related Distress as a Function of Gender

April 27th, 2013

The purpose of the present study was to examine psychophysiological reactions to state self-objectification and clothing-related distress as a function of gender. We examined negative affect, positive affect, guilt, and heart rate (HR) at 6-second and 5-minute recording intervals across baseline, non-clothing control, swimsuit (high objectification), tracksuit (low objectification), and cologne conditions in a sample of men (n=55) and women (n=57). Read More…

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): Basic Philosophies and Applications

April 27th, 2013

The last two decades have seen a drastic rise in the prevalence of so-called “third-wave therapies.” These new psychological therapies build on and/or reject entrenched therapies, in particular Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy (CBT), the most common psychological therapy today.  Of these “third-wave therapies,” the one that has received the most attention is Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Read More…

Secrets of Dating: Age Preferences of Match.com Members

April 27th, 2013

In this study, the researchers analyzed the age preferences of approximately 480 heterosexual Match.com members.  It was predicted that males would seek females who were younger than themselves and females would seek males who were older than themselves.   Read More…

The Influence of Body Composition and Energy Availability Upon Autonomic Function in Women with Bulimia Nervosa and Healthy Controls

April 14th, 2012

Previous studies demonstrate that body composition (specifically the amount of body fat) influences autonomic function.  The autonomic nervous system is divided into two branches: the sympathetic nervous system prepares the body for energetic action (e.g., increases in heart rate and blood pressure) while the parasympathetic nervous system has antagonistic actions promoting relaxation.  Overweight individuals tend to demonstrate increased sympathetic activation; conversely, augmented parasympathetic activity has been shown in individuals with a low percentage of body fat. Read More…

Health Disparities Between Black and White Americans: The Role of Racism

April 14th, 2012

This paper examines the relationship between racism, stress, and health disparities between Black and White Americans. Health disparities between Black and White Americans are a pressing issue in the United States. Blacks experience more severe and higher rates of a number of negative health outcomes than Whites experience, such as earlier development of hypertension, higher mortality due to cardiovascular disease, and higher rates of low birth weight and preterm birth. Read More…

I’ll Do It Later: Self-Evaluation, Temporal Orientation and Motivations That Predict Procrastination

April 14th, 2012

Procrastination is a widespread phenomenon in our society, resulting in self-help books and thousands of people that continue to procrastinate daily. Yet the question still remains: why do people procrastinate even when they know that it could potentially harm their chances of success? Given that approximately ninety-five percent of college students reported procrastinating during their education at some point, it is increasingly necessary to analyze the motivations that prelude this irrational behavior. Read More…

Affect and Decision-Making: Affective Priming and the Iowa Gambling Task

April 14th, 2012

In order to examine the influence of affect on decision-making, experimenters assessed performance on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) as a function of affective prime type.  Primes were positive, negative, or neutral affective images.  Subjects in the exposure phase were prompted to view and rate neutral target images immediately following subliminally masked affective primes. Read More…

Effects of Public Policies on Treatment of Patients with Schizophrenia

April 14th, 2012

The number of inmates with severe mental disorders in correctional facilities has been increasing at an alarming rate. Individuals with mental conditions appear in courts in much higher frequencies than in emergency rooms or psychiatric clinics. This seems to be the result of a mental health policy, which states that a person with mental disorder(s) has to be an imminent danger—to the society or to self—before a third party can successfully intervene. Read More…

Association of Proactive Personality with Academic Success and Stress Among College Students

April 14th, 2012

Previous research has indicated that proactivity may be an important personality trait in determining a number of behavioral outcomes that might otherwise appear to be results of environmental factors. The current study investigated the relationship between proactive personality and academic success as well as stress among college students. Read More…

Autonomic Function and Estrogen Disruption in Women with Bulimia Nervosa

April 14th, 2012

Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by excessive consumption of food in a short period of time accompanied by feelings of loss of control and purging behaviors, occurring at least twice a week and persisting for a minimum of three months.  Women with BN also exhibit autonomic dysfunction as evidenced by hypervagal tone and subsequently increased heart rate variability (HRV), bradycardia, and hypotension. Read More…

Response to Tragedy and Crisis: How Social Constructions of Gender Influence Student Response in the School Setting

April 11th, 2011

The small town of Tremont experienced a traumatic event at the high school this past school year. The repercussions of this event were felt everywhere in this small community. This qualitative study examines how two female students at the junior high school responded to this event by performing gender through the expression of personal grief. Read More…

Romance After the Terror: Dating Preferences Before and After the 9/11 Attack

April 11th, 2011

The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of the 9/11 terror attack on dating preferences.  Terror management theory states that after exposure to mortality salience, people increase stereotypical thinking and intergroup bias between groups. It was hypothesized that after the 9/11 terror attack, people would become more egocentric when seeking a dating partner. Read More…

Choir Boys: A Look at Masculine Stereotypes in the High School Choir Classroom

April 11th, 2011

This study offers findings from a four-month long qualitative inquiry, through my student teaching experience, which examined the influence that gender ideologies exercised in the high school vocal music classroom.  Through classroom observation, this study looked at the various ways that two adolescent boys in a small-town, working-class American high school constructed masculine identity. Specifically, how they constructed their masculine identity in the vocal music classroom. Read More…

Group Identity as a Mediating Factor in the Instigation of Collective Violence and in Processes of Reconciliation

April 11th, 2011

Humans base their identity at least partly in the social groups of which they are members.  The presence of competition or conflict between groups can lead the “in-group” to feel that protecting its identity requires self-distinguishment through hostile behavior towards the “out-group.” When these in-groups behave aggressively towards out-groups, members must either conform or sacrifice an important part of their identity by leaving the group. Read More…

That Fitting Room Stresses Women Out: The Psychophysiological Effects of Clothing Try On as a Function of Gender

April 6th, 2010

Existing research indicates many women experience significant psychological distress when trying on clothing, especially swimwear.  This effect appears to be less pronounced in men.  Read More…

The Causal Mechanisms of and Interventions to Decrease HIV-Related Stigma in Kenya

April 5th, 2010

Why does HIV-related stigma against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA)  in Kenya continue even though the battle against HIV has being going on for more than twenty years? By reviewing literature which explains the causes and mechanisms of stigma, two personal case studies of HIV families, and lessons from existing stigma reduction interventions, the purpose of this presentation is to explore the intricate nature of the stigma and propose stigma reduction intervention strategies in Kenya. Read More…

That Bikini Stresses Women Out

April 18th, 2009

The objectification of women and girls pervades most aspects of American culture including mass media communication, interpersonal communication, and the design, development, and marketing of consumer products. Read More…

Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Socioeconomically Disadvantaged African-American Adolescents

April 18th, 2009

Past research has revealed that youth in low income neighborhoods engage in higher rates of risky sexual activity than those in more affluent neighborhoods. Read More…

From the Unconscious to Conscious: Understanding the Operas of Richard Wagner through Jungian Psychology

April 18th, 2009

The operas of Richard Wagner have been mined since their premieres for their psychological content and possible interpretations. Read More…

Are We Really Free? An In-depth Look at John Stuart Mill’s “On Liberty”and its Implications for Lobby Groups

April 18th, 2009

John Stuart Mill explores the notion of individual autonomy and a citizen’s freedom from government interference in cases of self-regarding actions. Read More…

Male Bisexuality and Body Dissatisfaction

April 18th, 2009

Past research has found that gay men experience body dissatisfaction with a desire to be thin and have lean muscle mass, whereas straight men often do not experience this body dissatisfaction (Levesque & Vichesky, 2006). Read More…

Interpersonal Interaction in the Workplace: A Comparison Between Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Communication

April 29th, 2008

Computer-mediated communication is defined as communication that occurs over the internet and involves the use of a computer. Despite outward appearances, computer-mediated communication and face-to-face communication may be similar in some respects. Read More…

Association between Family Structure and Alcohol/Cigarette Use Among Adolescents

April 29th, 2008

A review of current research regarding adolescent alcohol and cigarette use and family structure was conducted. The current research states a higher likelihood of substance use in adolescents in non-traditional family structures. Read More…

Caring for the Elderly: The Risks, Stress, and Pain of Caregiver Burden

April 29th, 2008

The typical lifespan of adults is extending into an age range when dementia disorders are likely to appear, and it has become increasingly likely that a person will be thrust into a position that involves caring for an elderly parent or demented spouse. This change in role is stressful for the new caregiver, creating a situation called “caregiver burden.” Read More…

Eating Disorders and Depression: Comorbidity Revisited

April 29th, 2008

Existing literature fails to comprehensively identify factors contributing to the comorbid relationship between eating disorders and unipolar depression. Read More…

Un-Reality TV

April 29th, 2008

The evolution of mass media and the constant display of ordinary people on television have revolutionized the programs that we now watch. Most of us question the “reality” of these programs, but we do not argue their entertainment values; this project examines the popular phenomenon of reality TV as a genre in popular culture. Read More…

Perceived Discrimination and its Effect on the Physical Health, Psychological Health, and Academic Performance of Ethnic Minority and Homosexual Students in College

April 18th, 2008

In the field of health psychology it has been well documented that experiences with discrimination, whether blatant or furtive, can result in negative physical and psychological reactions such as increased blood pressure, heart rate, susceptibility to illness, low self-esteem, and depression. Read More…

Gender Development in Children

April 14th, 2007

Beginning at very young ages children begin to see their world as divided between two genders and sexes. The pervasive cultural impact of gender and sex has lead to an impressive amount of research on gender development in children. Read More…

How Immigration, Living in a Single-Parent Household, and Unmet Basic Needs Impacted a Child’s Education

April 14th, 2007

Many factors influence the social and academic components of children’ s education; however, the focus of this study is to address how a child may be impacted both socially and academically by specific factors such as: immigration, living in a single parent household, and basic physiological needs not being met. Read More…

Phenotypic Variability in Huntington’s Disease Based on CAG Repeat Length, Parental Transmission, and Sex Differences

April 14th, 2007

In my presentation I will summarize the research project from my internship studying Huntington’ s disease at The University of Iowa Department of Neuropsychiatry. Read More…

Childhood Innocence: The Newest War Casualty

April 14th, 2007

There are a growing number of children in America who are personally affected by the ongoing war in Iraq. Read More…

The Autonomic Consequences of Body Objectification: The Psychophysiological Correlates of the Thin-Ideal

April 14th, 2007

Exposure to the media thin ideal has led to a host of negative psychological reactions among exposed women including decreases in self-esteem (Irving, 1990) and increases in: 1) eating disorder attitudes and behaviors (Becker, Burwell, Gilman, Herzog, & Hamburg, 2002), 2) body dissatisfaction (Groesz, Levine, & Murnen, 2002), 3) maladaptive social comparison (Tiggemann & Slater, 2003), and 4) negative mood states (Hargreaves & Tiggemann, 2002). Read More…

Not Just Another Face in the Crowd: A Portrait of Prosopagnosia

April 14th, 2007

This presentation will focus on clinical research in which I participated at the Benton Neuropsychology Lab at The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. This lab is concerned in large part with the effect of brain injury on the cognitive and overall functioning of the individual. Read More…

The Relationship Between Students’ Level of Engagement and Race and Ethnicity: A New Data Analysis and Discussion

April 14th, 2007

Every student has different influences, factors, beliefs and values that brought them to or are keeping and motivating them in college. Read More…

An Unhealthy Culture: Body Image Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorders

April 14th, 2007

American society and media advocate for ideal body images that are often unattainable through healthy levels of dieting and exercise for both male and female individuals. Read More…

Media, Body Dissatisfaction, and Maladaptive Eating Behaviors: A Review

April 29th, 2006

Women’ s body dissatisfaction has been consistently and positively correlated with exposure to unrealistic images of women in media. However, is media really to blame for some women’ s negative body images and disordered eating, or is media being wrongfully accused? Read More…

PED 101: Lifetime Physical Fitness and Activities Study

April 29th, 2006

The purpose of this study is to investigate the Cornell College PED 101: Lifetime Physical Fitness and Activities course and to explore the relationship between enrollment in the course and aspects of positive behavior change related to fitness and wellness. Read More…

A Biopsychosocial Review of the Effects of Exercise on Stress and Health

April 29th, 2006

The current lack of consistent exercise maintenance among a majority of American adults has resulted in a variety of negative symptoms, including obesity, that has put many individuals at an increased risk for a number of debilitating diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, certain cancers, and cardiovascular diseases, among others. Read More…

The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Cardiac Autonomic Tone, Mood, and Exercise Performance

April 29th, 2006

In the fast-paced society that we live in today many people struggle to get an adequate amount of sleep on a regular basis. Read More…

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for the Treatment of Schizophrenia

April 29th, 2006

As late as the 1980s, schizophrenia was considered the “ forgotten child of behavior therapy.” Over the past fifteen years, however, significant developments in the use of cognitivebehavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of schizophrenia symptoms have occurred. Read More…

An Exploration of the Variables Influencing Eating Disorder Pathology

April 29th, 2006

The purpose of this study is to investigate correlates of eating disorder pathology via exploration of a proposed model of eating disorder development. Read More…

Media, The American Woman’s Body Image, and Attitudes Toward Beauty

April 29th, 2006

Modern media sources are increasingly seen as having substantial power to shape and control the attitudes and opinions of people. Read More…

The Sources and Effects of Stress on Police Officers and the Organizational Changes that Need to be Made

April 29th, 2006

Studies show that stress is a prevalent feature of police work. All occupations have a degree of stress that accompany them, but in a study of occupational stressors, law enforcement and other service jobs were at the top. Read More…

Perceptual Priming with Picture Stimuli: A Pilot Study

April 29th, 2006

During the summer of 2005, we did a memory priming pilot study in human beings, using nine college students and one college professor as subjects. Participants were told to categorize the pictures shown to them on the screen, without knowing the goal of the study. Read More…

Political Attitudes of Minority Group Members: The Relevance of Social Identity Theory and Social Dominance Theory

April 29th, 2006

This presentation explores the political attitudes and participation of minority group members, specifically Latinos and African Americans, in American politics. Read More…

“God is My Ex-Lover…” and Other Interesting Findings Concerning Religious Life on the Cornell College Campus

April 17th, 2004

The transition from high school to college is a tumultuous journey filled with challenges and changes. During this time of transformation, will a student change something as personal and defining as religion? Read More…

Protecting Youth: The Harmful Effects of Limiting Speech Through Abstinence Education on Heterosexual and Homosexual Youth

April 17th, 2004

In the 1960s the first debates over sex education started. In the past decades, people have been fighting for and against abstinence education which is filled with many religious based perspective and dishonest “facts”. Read More…

Official Hell Raisers on the Road: Ladyfest South 2002

April 12th, 2003

Ladyfest is an woman focused independent music and arts festival organized by women that takes place at various locations throughout the United States. Read More…

Germany and the United States: A Cross Cultural Comparison of Dating Preferences

April 12th, 2003

Dating preferences were examined in personal advertisements published in daily newspapers from four cities in the United States and four cities in Germany. Read More…