Three female athletes from an NCAA Division III basketball team and three from a soccer team were evaluated to determine if a Paleo diet or a gluten-free diet would act as an ergogenic aid. Recent studies and articles have been written describing these two diets, but there has been no research conducted comparing the two diets as an ergogenic aid for performance enhancement. The diets’ ability to enhance an athlete’s performance was assessed through measurements of three domains: body composition, strength and acute cardiorespiratory response. The specific measurement tools used are weight measurement by scale, BMI calculation, one repetition max test of a squat and the bench press, a 300-yard shuttle run and a three-site skinfold test. The data indicated that improvement was detectable amongst the athletes, suggesting that nutrition as an ergogenic aid may positively affect the performance of female athletes. As this was a preliminary study, additional studies may be warranted.
Rikki Mulloy, ’15
Sponsor: Kristin Meyer